Centrul național de transfuzie a sângelui

Donors' rights and obligations

Blood Donor Rights


According to the Law of the Republic of Moldova on "Drepturile si responsabilitatile Pacientului" nr.263- XVI of 27 October 2005, when working with patients, medical workers must respect the basic principles of realization of patients' rights:

·  respect of fundamental human rights and dignity of human being in the field of health care;

·  recognition of human life, of human health as the supreme value;

·  orientation towards the maintenance of life, physical and mental health of the patient in the process of providing health services;

·  respect for the patient's moral and cultural values, religious and philosophical beliefs;

·  recognition of the patient and, in cases provided for by law, of his or her legal representative (close relative) as the main participant in the decision on medical intervention;

 

According to Article 5 of the same law, the donor has the following rights:


 
·  respectful and humane attitude on the part of the health care provider, regardless of age, gender, ethnicity, socio-economic status, political and religious beliefs;

·  security of personal life, physical, psychological and moral integrity, with assurance of discretion during the provision of health services;

·  reduction of suffering and alleviation of pain, caused by illness and/or medical intervention, by all available legal means and methods, determined by the existing level of medical science and the actual possibilities of the health care provider;

·  alternative medical opinion and receiving recommendations from other specialists, at his or her request or at the request of his or her legal representative (close relative), in the manner prescribed by law;

·  informatii cu privire la prestatorul de servicii de sanatate, profilul, volumul, calitatea, costul si modalitatea de prestare a serviciilor respective;

·  examination, treatment and maintenance in conditions appropriate to health and hygiene standards;

·  information on the health service provider, profile, volume, quality, cost and mode of provision of the services;

·  comprehensive information on harmful environmental factors;

·  voluntary expression of consent or refusal to medical intervention and participation in biomedical research (clinical study) in the manner established by this Law and other normative acts;

·  information on the results of the examination of complaints and requests, in the manner established by law;

·  extra-judicial and judicial appeal against the actions of medical workers and other providers of health services, as well as against the officials responsible for guaranteeing health care and related services in the volume provided for by the legislation;

·  terminal care worthy of a human being;

·  compensation for damage to health, in accordance with the legislation.

 

Art. 6 provides for mandatory medical examination of persons who voluntarily donate blood, biological fluids, organs and tissues, as well as for mandatory medical examination, including for HIV/AIDS, syphilis and tuberculosis in persons in prisons.

With regard to guaranteeing the patient's social rights to medical care, Article 8 of the above-mentioned law states:

 

·  If health service providers are obliged to select patients for certain types of treatment available in limited numbers, selection will be made only on the basis of medical criteria approved by the Ministry of Health and Social Protection.

·  The medical staff is not entitled to put the patient under any form of pressure in order to induce the patient to reward him/her otherwise than as provided for by legal regulations.

Also, all data concerning the patient's identity and condition, results of investigations, diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, as well as personal data are confidential and shall be protected even after the patient's death.